Oman National Tuberculosis Manual is prepared by the Directorate General for Disease Surveillance and Control in collaboration with experts of various fields related to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, pharmacy, and primary, secondary, and tertiary care provision. The Manual is a part of implementing the National Strategy for Elimination of Tuberculosis (TB) and is aligned with its pillars: Detect, Treat, Prevent and Promote. It represents a scientific reference to the health workers in this field.
The event further included a training workshop that targeted all focal points in the Governorates to train them on the community DOT (Directly Observed Therapy) protocols and methods for implementation. Despite efforts exerted to end TB, COVID-19 pandemic undermined the progress achieved in this regard. Following a decade and more of steady decline, deaths due to TB have increased in 2020.
Sultanate of Oman is a low-incidence country (defined as <10 TB cases per 100,000), there was approximately 2% drop in TB cases in the past decade (5.2 /100,000 in 2021), and (26) deaths due to TB were recorded in 2021.
The Sultanate of Oman has launched the National Strategy for Elimination of Tuberculosis, which will be carried out in phases to achieve a reduction in the incidence rate of TB to fewer than 100 cases per million population by 2035 to progress further towards “pre-elimination” of TB. This will require a 90% reduction in the incidence of TB and a 95% reduction in the number of deaths due to TB based on the epidemiological situation in 2015.
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